Melasma Triggers and Treatment Options

January 14, 2020

Melasma is a skin condition that affects the pigment of the skin. It usually shows as brown or gray-brown spots on the face, chest, or neck. There are a lot of things that can cause pigmentation changes, so it is important to have any skin condition examined and diagnosed by a dermatologist. Here’s what you need to know about melasma and its treatment.

Melasma Triggers

Melasma most often occurs in women, and it is usually the result of hormonal changes such as pregnancy, hormonal birth control, or hormone replacement therapy. The sun is the main culprit of melasma, but it can also be triggered by heat or even exposure to bright light. Melasma doesn’t affect your overall health, but it can be emotionally trying.

Diagnosing Melasma

Dark spots on the skin may be caused by sun spots or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, as well as melasma. It is important that you seek diagnosis from a dermatologist before trying any treatments. Different skin pigmentation conditions respond to different treatments, so an accurate diagnosis is key.

Treatments for Melasma

Treating melasma can be difficult, but there are several treatment options. These may include:

  • Chemical peels
  • Sun protection
  • Changing contraceptives
  • Topical skin lightening agents
  • Laser treatments
  • Microdermabrasion

Which treatments will be effective for your condition may vary depending on your doctor’s findings upon diagnosis. While chemical peels and laser treatments can be obtained from specialty clinics, it is best to get treatment for melasma from a board certified dermatologist.

If you have symptoms of melasma and need diagnosis and treatment, contact us today for more information or to schedule your appointment.

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